The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is a global centre for energy and energy-intensive industries. This position, strength, focus and role contributes significantly to its annual industrial output of $329 billion, the largest in Middle East-North Africa (MENA) and the 14th largest in the world; it also helps to make KSA the largest exporter in MENA and the 16th largest globally.

Energy-rich Saudi Arabia has the world's largest reserves of oil (a fifth to a quarter of the 1.4-trillion barrel total) and the fourth-largest reserves of natural gas (up to 258 trillion cubic feet).

Saudi Arabia is also the world's:

  • Second-largest producer of oil (13% of global oil production)
  • Largest refiner of oil
  • Largest exporter of oil (worth $281 billion a year and 90% of KSA's exports)
  • Fourth-largest producer of energy (even before KSA's solar energy production begins)
  • 11th largest producer of petrochemicals

Just over half of Saudi electricity is generated from oil and the rest from natural gas. The Saudi Electricity Company has a capacity of around 40,000 MW and is adding over 2,000 MW of capacity a year. Its transmission network totals 40,600 circuit kilometres.

Saudi Arabia's Industrial Clusters program is developing five sectors that use - and will make the most of - the kingdom's plentiful oil, natural gas, solar irradiation, natural resources and raw materials. These carefully selected sectors are:

  • Automotive
  • Minerals and Metal Processing
  • Solar Energy
  • Plastics and Packaging
  • Home Appliances

Worlds largest oil producer

Proven oil reserves

Worlds largest energy producers

See chapters 8
(energy and water), 12 (industry) and 14 (trade) of the Statistical Yearbook
2009, produced by KSA's Central Department of Statistics & Information and
Ministry of Economy and Planning:

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