Road and rail transportation

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has around 55,000 km of paved roads, including some 3,900 km of dual-carriageway expressways.


KSA's Saudi Railways Organization (SRO) operates 59 locomotives, 75 passenger carriages and 1,860 freight wagons on a network of over 1,400 km. This centres on the 449-km main line between KSA's capital, Riyadh, and Dammam on the east coast.

In 2010 SRO carried around 1.1 million passengers and 3.5 million tonnes of cargo. Volumes are expected to increase significantly with the completion of three major projects:

  • The North-South Line, a 2,400-km network of freight and passenger lines linking north and north-eastern towns and mines with Riyadh, due for completion in 2012
  • Haramain High Speed Rail, a 444-km line linking the western cities of Medina, Jeddah and Mecca, due for completion in 2012
  • The Land Bridge, a longer-term plan for two new passenger and freight lines, one linking Jeddah with Riyadh (950 km), the other Jubail with Dammam (115 km)

Mecca has a new 18-km metro system, a metro is under construction in Riyadh and another is planned for Jeddah.

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